浅析审判委员会若干问题



  审判委员会的存在是根据社会现实需要来的,有着以下四方面的具体背景原因:1.该委员会的是推动中国法制发展的需要。2.能起到约束法官权利的作用。3.为了能保证地区法制的一致性。4.作为法院的常设领导,审判委员会可以对法院的工作进行宏观性指导。

  通过上面的分析可以看到审判委员会是有其存在的意义的,但其本身的弊病我们也需要清楚:1. 影响司法独立与司法公正。2. 审判委员会人员组成行政化严重。3. 不利于责任的追究与落实4. 审判委员会在工作程序上违反了直接审理原则5. 在工作程序上违反了回避制度

  针对当前出现的问题,笔者提出几点整改建议以供参考:1. 重新构建审判委员会的职能

  2. 明确限定审判委员会讨论案件的范围3. 改革审委会人员组成,设立专业化的审委会

  The existence of the judicial committee of social reality according to needs, and has the following four aspects of the specific context of reasons: 1. The Commission is to promote the development of China's legal system needs. (2) can play a role in binding the right judge. 3 In order to ensure the consistency of the rule of law area. 4 As the Court's permanent leadership, the Judicial Committee of the Court's work can be carried out macro guidance.

  Through the above analysis, we can see that the judicial committee has its presence, but its own ills we also need to know: 1. Affecting judicial independence and judicial impartiality. (2) the composition of the Judicial Committee Chief of serious. 3 is not conducive to accountability and responsibility for implementation 4. Judicial Committee working procedures violated the principle of direct trial 5 working procedures violated avoidance system

  For the current problems, the author proposes several corrective recommendations for reference: 1. Rebuild the functions of the Judicial Committee

  (2) clearly defined the scope of the judicial committee discussed the case with 3 CRIC personnel reform, the establishment of specialized CRIC